If you're growing marijuana in soil or another growing medium like coco coir, you will have to hand-water your plants. Watering is an important part of growing cannabis, and knowing how to water your plants will save you a lot of frustration!
But how often do you give your cannabis water?
Well, you will want to water your marijuana whenever the top of the soil or growing medium starts to feel dry. I like to water when the medium feel dry up to my first knuckle, or about an inch.
Water plants when soil feels dry up to your first knuckle
How to water cannabis properly...
Some growers also use the "lift the pot" method to decide when to water your plants (basically wait until your pot feels "light" since the plants have used up all the water). It's up to you to decide what's easier for you.
I usually water my cannabis with a 1-gallon water jug. Runoff water is collected in the trays and after a few minutes I suck it all up with a small wet vac.
Not sure how to remove runoff water after watering your marijuana? I use a Bucket Head attachment which can be turned into a wet vac by hooking it up to any standard 5-gallon bucket. You can buy one online but it's $10-15 cheaper if you get it in person at a Home Depot!
A downside to the Bucket Head is it's a little loud, just like most wet vacs. Luckily you only need to use it for a few minutes after watering your plants!
Removing runoff water is a great start to make sure your watering your cannabis plants perfectly, but it's also important to...
It's very important to make sure that water can drain freely from the bottom of the pot, otherwise the plant can get waterlogged and become overwatered (causing the plant to droop).
In addition to making sure the actual container has drainage (holes on the bottom, or some other way for extra water to escape), it's also important to make sure your growing medium drains freely. If it takes several minutes for water to come out the bottom of your pot when you water, it means that there isn't enough drainage in the actual growing medium (it's too dense, so water is having a hard time getting through).
How to improve the drainage of your growing medium
This is an example of great soil for growing for cannabis - rich, composted, and well-draining
Watering Too Often? Barely at All?
In the beginning of your grow, you will likely be watering your marijuana plants every week or couple of days. Watering every 3-5 days is optimal. As your plants grow bigger, you will watering them more often unless you move them into bigger pots.
If you feel like you are watering your plants too often, you can move them into a bigger pot so that it holds water for longer, a cannabis plant will be drinking a lot as she approaches harvest time.
Bigger pots = water less often
Smaller pots = water more often
Speaking of pot size, it is generally best to start young cannabis plants in relatively small containers (like a solo cup with a few holes cut out of the bottom for drainage), and only move plants into bigger containers as they get bigger.
Starting in smaller containers makes it a lot harder to overwater your plants when they're young, and makes it easier to flush plants and/or respond to problems if they occur.
If you started your plants in a solo cup, I'd recommend moving to a bigger pot once the plant is a week or two old, as soon as the leaves reach the edges of the solo cup.
10-20% Extra Runoff Every Time You Water
Every time you water your plants, make sure that you provide enough water to get about 10-20% extra run-off out the bottom of the container, especially if you're feeding additional nutrients in the water.
The reason for this is that sometimes soil and soilles growing mediums like coco coir start to form natural salts if it the fertilizers just sit in there and never get washed out.
These built-up salts can eventually cause nutrient problems, pH problems, and nutrient lock-out if they're not rinsed out.
Making sure you keep adding water until you get run-off is also a great way to make sure that your plants are draining properly.
Plus, this practice will immediately alert you to any drainage problems, (as mentioned earlier, cannabis likes well-draining soil) because you'll be able to notice if the water takes a long time to come out the bottom, or doesn't come out at all.
If You're Providing Extra Nutrients In The Water...
First, make sure you're using proper cannabis nutrients for your growing medium. They should be formulated for a plant like tomatoes, and they should have a different feeding schedule for the Vegetative (Grow) and Flowering (Bloom) stage.
It's generally a good idea to feed your cannabis plants with nutrients every other watering (at most) and provide plain, pH'ed water the rest of the time.
This will greatly help reduce the amount of salt buildup and prevent nutrition problems from occuring.
If your cannabis plants shows signs of drooping, chances are you are over or under-watering.
In order to prevent over or under-watering, make sure you water thoroughly every time (don't just water a tiny spot in the middle of the pot, you should be getting 20-30% extra runoff water every time), and wait to water again until the top inch of the growing medium feels dry, up to your first knuckle or so.
Underwatered Marijuana Plants
Overwatered Marijuana Plants