When it comes to growing auto-flowering cannabis strains, there is a lot of controversy about whether they are compatible with the cannabis training technique known as topping (cutting off the tip of the plant while its young).
Some growers say you should never top an auto-flowering plant, while others claim they can top their autos without a problem. How can there be such a big difference in results between different growers? Well, here's the thing about topping autos....
Topping auto-flowering cannabis strains isn't recommended because they're on a tight schedule and may not recover in time!
Auto-flowering cannabis plants are on a tight schedule! They start flowering at 3 weeks, and have pretty much stop growing vegetatively by the time they're 6 weeks old. There's no way to change that. It still takes a few more weeks until buds are ready for harvest, but in that time an auto-flowering plant won't be growing new leaves and stems.
An auto-flowering plant is "full size" at just 6 weeks from seed! For example, these autos are 6 weeks old, which means they won't get any bigger even though buds are still fattening and harvest is several weeks away!
So if you top your auto-flowering cannabis plant when it's young and it gets shocked for 2 weeks, that means your plant only has 4 weeks in total to grow if you think about it. A small cannabis plant is going to yield a lot less, and a 4-week plant is a lot smaller than a 6-week plant. This reasoning is why many growers say to never to top your autos. You want a big plant instead of a small plant with a few extra tops. You need long colas to get the best yields from cannabis plants.
For a first-time grower of autos, it can be easy to stress the plant and stunt its growth for all kinds of regular reasons. Topping just throws another factor into the equation!
A stunted autoflower won't produce much bud because it never gets big!
If an auto-flowering cannabis plant grows slowly when they're young, they stay tiny their whole life! Even though the above grower took really great care of this plant from here on, and got pretty good yields for such a small plant, he would have gotten way better yields if the plant had grown fast enough to get bigger!
An auto that grows big can yield a lot, even if it's untrained like this one!
You couldn't yield all that bud on a small plant no matter how it was trained!
And on top of all that, you don't need to top your plants to get multiple tops. These autos were grown with just LST/bending and they all have multiple tops.
Topping isn't necessary to get multiple colas with autos!
All that being said, sometimes topping an auto does go well. If you have a really healthy, fast-growing plant, topping it may not stunt it at all. In some situations topping may produce a better structure and increase yields! So it's not a matter of whether you should or shouldn't top autos, as much as a matter of evaluating your situation and deciding if the reward is worth the risk for you!
When to Never Top Auto-Flowering Plants
- it's your first grow
- plant has deficiencies
- plant is drooping
- plant is growing slowly
- plant is more than 3 weeks old
- plant has not grown at least 4 nodes (sets of serrated leaves) by the end of week 2
When It's Okay to Top Auto-Flowering Plants
- plant is green and healthy
- plant is growing quickly (you're seeing brand new leaves every single day)
- plant has grown at least 4-5 nodes (pairs of "real" leaves) by the end of week 2 - this demonstrates that your plant is growing fast enough to handle being topped without stunting your plant.
- to actually top the auto, pinch off the 4th or 5th node - it's important to remove as little plant as possible so as not to stunt its growth!
Only cut off the tip when topping an auto!
Don't cut off more than this when topping an auto-flowering marijuana plant!
Conclusion: Topping an auto-flowering strain can be good or bad, depending on how it's done
There are times when topping an auto-flowering marijuana plant makes sense, and times when it doesn't. For a lot of growers, topping their auto is only going to reduce their yields overall, but for experienced growers in certain setups, topping is a suitable training tactic! Use the guidelines in this article to decide what's right for you, and when in doubt use LST/bending instead because it can accomplish nearly the same thing without as much a chance of stunting your plant!
I hope this information helps guide you to make the right decision for your own auto-flowering marijuana garden!